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Ratio and Proportion: Concept and Some Examples

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In this post we are going to look at the concepts of ratio and proportion using an everyday element: a photograph.

Have you ever looked at yourself in a photo and thought you looked a little different after changing its size?

ratio and proportion

Taller, with a longer face, or maybe shorter…

ratio and proportion

You’ve got to pay attention to proportion!

ratio and proportion

When we take a photo, the photo has a base and height.

For example: Here, we have our original photo that has a base of 6 cm and a height of 4 cm.

If we want to change its size without changing the photo, we need to make sure that the ratio between the base and the height of the photo stays the same.


What is the ratio? How can we figure out the ratio between the base and height of this photo?
  • A ratio is a comparison between two magnitudes that can be carried out through a quotient.
  • It’s usually expressed as a fraction, or by placing a colon (:) between the two magnitudes.


In this example, the ratio between the photo’s base and height is 6:4. If we divide 6 by 4, we get the answer 1.5. This means that the base of the photograph is 1.5 times bigger than its height. Or in other words, it means that for every cm that the photo measures in height, it measures 1.5 cm in width.


Now that we know what the ratio between the photo’s base and height is…

How can we calculate the photo’s new dimensions without deforming it?

There’s two ways to go about it:

  1. Finding the equivalent ratio:

Multiplying or dividing both magnitudes by the same number. For example, we can multiply the base and height by 2.

6 x 2 = 12   and    4 x 2 = 8

Then, the new base would be 12 and the new height would be 8.

  1. Finding the proportionality constant:

The proportionality constant is the quotient of the ratios of a proportion. In our example, it would be the answer of dividing 6 by 4.

6 ÷ 4 = 1.5

Keeping this in mind, if we want the height of our photograph to be 6 cm, we only need to multiply 6 by 1.5 in order to know how long the base should be.

6 x 1.5 = 9

ratio and proportion

By using any of the two methods, we can make the size of the photograph bigger without modifying its aspect.

It stays the same because we have conserved the proportion!


Now we know what those editing programs on our computers automatically do when we click on the “Maintain or block aspect ratio”.

Was this post helpful for you? Do you understand what ratio and proportion are?

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