This post will teach you how to multiply any number by a one-digit number.

**Multiplication Terms**

The **numbers** that are multiplied are called **FACTORS** and the answer is called the **PRODUCT. **

The **FACTORS** are written on top of each other. Normally, the bigger number is written on the top, and it’s called the **MULTIPLICAND** and below, we have the smaller number, which is called the **MULTIPLIER**.

#### Multiplication Steps:

- Multiply the multiplicand by each of the numbers of the multiplier, moving from right to left. The units of the product are written below the line.
- The tens place of each product are added to the next product.

For example, **561 x 3**

We start by multiplying 3 x 1 = 3. We write the 3 under the line.

Now, we multiply 3 x 6 = 18. Here, we write the 8 below the line and we save the 1 from the tens place and we will add it later to the next multiplication.

The last step is to multiply 3 x 5 = 15. We have to add on the 1 that we saved from the last product, so 15 + 1 = 16. There’s nothing else to do, so we write the 16 below the line.

The final answer of the multiplication is: **561 x 3 = 1683.**

If you want to see a more detailed explanation with even more examples, visit our blog post on how to multiply by two-digit numbers.

And if you are up for it, you can practice exercises on Multiplying with decimals

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Learn More:

- How to Multiply by 2 and 3 Digit Numbers
- Working with Decimals: Addition and Subtraction
- Factorization: What Is It and How Is It Done?
- Learn and Practice How to Multiply Fractions
- Different Methods of Multiplication

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