Today we are going to look at some examples on solving 1-digit division problems. In these types of problems, we need to divide numbers by a divisor that only has 1 digit. Before starting, feel free to click on the following links to review how to divide by 1-digit numbers: Division Word Problems With Decimals

Ready? Let’s start with some examples where we have to divide in order to find the answer:

**Jane and her friends are going on an excursion to the countryside in 3 days. The trip costs a total of 72 dollars and we know that 8 people will go on the excursion. If they are going to divide the price into equal parts, how much will each person have to pay?**

##### 1) First, we have to read the problem carefully. What have we understood?

*8 people are going to go on an excursion.**They’ll go in 3 days.**The total cost of the excursion is 72dollars, and they’ll divide it into equal parts.*

##### 2) Now, let’s read the question and digest it. What is it asking us? What kind of information do we need in order to answer?

*It is asking us how much money does each person who is going on the excursion have to pay?*

*We’ll have to use the following information: the total price of the excursion (72dollars) and the number of people who are going (8)**IMPORTANT: There is a piece of information given that we don’t need to solve the problem: knowing that the excursion will take place in 3 days doesn’t help us solve the problem.*

##### 3) Let’s move on to think about what kind of mathematical operation we need to use here.

*We know that everyone is going to pay, which means in order to split up the total amount between all the people, we need to divide: *

*72 / 8 = 9*

*Each person will pay 9 dollars*

##### 4) So let’s think about the number that we ended up with: Does it make sense that each person pays 9 dollars?

*Yes, because if we add each persons’ share, 9+9+9+9+9+9+9+9 or, expressed in a different way, if we multiply the 8 people by the 9 dollars that each one pays, 8 x 9, we’ll get 72 dollars, which is the total price of the excursion.*

See that? In order to correctly solve a division problem using a 1-digit number, dividing all the given numbers just isn’t enough. We have to **understand, analyze and reflect** on what the problem is saying before solving it. We also need to reflect after getting the answer to check if it’s correct.

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### Learn More:

- Prime Numbers: Do You Know What They Are?
- How to Solve a Multiplication Problem
- How to Solve a 1 Digit Division Problem
- How to Solve Subtraction Problems
- Learn How to Do a 3-Digit Division Problem