With this post, we are going to **understand the notion of a fraction **as a part of a whole, as a division of natural numbers and its position on the number line.

### What is a fraction?

A **fraction** represents the number of parts that we have of a whole that is divided into equal parts. Fractions are represented by two numbers that are separated by a fraction line.

### Fraction Terms

The terms that we use for fractions are the “*numerator*” and the “*denominator*.” The numerator is the number of parts that we have and the denominator is the total number of parts that make up the whole.

Let’s look at an example:

** We have different shapes and we’ll divide each one of them into a number of equal parts, which is the denominator. **

The number of colored parts is the numerator.

### How do we read a fraction?

The numerator is read with **cardinal** **numbers:** one, two, three, ten, twenty-four,…

The denominator is read with **fractional** **numbers: **halves, thirds, fourths,…

### Types of Fractions

**Proper Fractions**: When the numerator is less than the denominator.**Improper Fractions:**When the numerator is greater than the denominator.**Whole Fractions:**When the numerator is equal to the denominator.

Check out previous posts from our blog where you can learn much more about fractions:

- Types of fractions
- Word problems with fractions
- Equivalent fractions
- Sum of fractions
- Subtracting fractions
- How to multiply fractions
- Dividing fractions

And if you want to learn much more elementary math, try Smartick for free and have fun!

Learn More:

- Types of Fractions: Proper, Improper, Fractions Equal to One
- Practice Estimating Fractions with Examples
- Understanding Fractions: “If the Whole Is Made of 8 Parts, How Can I Have 11?”
- Using the Number Line to Compare Fractions
- Using Mixed Numbers to Represent Improper Fractions